Transported to a distant land for crimes of poverty, Australia’s female convicts were charged with the task to tame and have children with convict men.
The Hougoumont, the last ship to take convicts from the UK to Australia, docked in Fremantle, Western Australia, on January 9, 1868 – 150 years ago. It brought an end to a process which deposited about 168,000 convicted prisoners in Australia after it began in 1788.
Australia’s Norfolk Island, located 1471km east of Brisbane in the Pacific Ocean, is the result of a volcano that existed some 2-3 million years ago. Its human history features inhabitants including Polynesians, First Fleeters, convicts and mutineers. Today, it is also perhaps Australia’s most remote community. We sent Australian yachtswoman Jessica Watson to discover Norfolk Island’s homegrown treasures. Read her full feature in AG#136, out now.
Six years into his seven-year sentence, John Irving was busy helping treat patients in the fledgling colony of Sydney.