Flight of fancy: Kakadu Bird Week
Home to more than one-third of Australia’s avian species, Kakadu National Park is a bird-lover’s paradise, and Kakadu Bird Week is now attracting an annual migration of twitchers to this Top End treasure.
IT STARTS WITH A sudden break in eye contact – pupils dart up and to the right. Then, an index finger extends out and, as if responding to an invisible magnetism, hones in on a specific direction. I watch the process patiently.
Around us the bush thrums with life – insects buzzing, reptiles rustling through leaf litter and a chorus of birds. I can pick out the calls of a few magpie geese in the distance, but not the specific melody that has caused this interruption to our conversation. I’m a newcomer to all this and my ear isn’t tuned in yet.
In the immediate vicinity, a dozen pairs of binoculars are lifted to eager faces, pointed towards the direction now indicated by our guide, who has singled out the call of one sought-after species. It’ll be perched on a branch, a tiny spot against the landscape, and he’ll explain in detail where to find it – “See that tree, with the straight trunk that forks to the right?” – until our binoculars finally settle on their target.
It feels almost voyeuristic to watch quietly from a distance, taking in every detail of the bird’s beauty against a perfect circle of mottled green backdrop: delicate bill, dazzling plumage and restless movements, before it flutters out of sight, as if exiting stage left.
A guided birdwatching tour at Lake Jabiru with acclaimed naturalist Ian Morris. (Image: Don Fuchs/Australian Geographic)
LOCATED ABOUT 200KM east of Darwin, Kakadu National Park’s 20,000sq.km is home to 290 bird species. If you’re a keen birdwatcher, it’s probably already high on your list – but Kakadu Bird Week (held annually in October) offers an additional incentive: a specialised program of tours, free guided walks and evening presentations, aimed at attracting both enthusiasts and the simply bird-curious.
People such as Peter Lloyd, a lawyer, kayaker and father of three from Sydney. Peter’s family noticed the enthusiasm with which he reported his bird sightings from Sydney’s waterways, so they bought him a field guide and issued him with a challenge – to spot 300 species before the year was out. “For someone who loves the outdoors, birdwatching was a completely new experience and one of the best things was seeing the kids get involved in the challenge,” he says.
I met Peter on a birdwatching tour of Darwin’s East Point with guide Mike Jarvis, who turned his life-long love of birds into a career when he moved to the Top End a decade ago, and now runs tours through his organisation Experience the Wild. That day’s outing would offer a taste of the region’s birdlife, within cooee of the airport, before venturing into Kakadu.
A priority sighting was the rainbow pitta – a colourful but elusive bird, endemic to northern Australia. Throughout the day we saw many delightful locals, from orange-footed scrubfowls to nesting lemon-bellied fly-robins, but alas no rainbow pitta. As luck would have it, Peter learnt his family had spotted three of the shy little birds on their separate outing that day.
Birding, however, is as much about the experience as the results, and Peter remained stoic. “There’s never any guarantee you’ll see a particular bird, but I can guarantee I won’t see any if I don’t look,” he says.
Besides, the missed rainbow pitta was compensated for when Peter spotted his first-ever red-headed honeyeater that same day among the mangroves of Darwin Harbour. It was an exciting find for him and equally pleasing for Mike. “I do love birdsong, but that sound [my clients] make, that ‘wow’ when they see a bird for the first time, is just as gratifying for me,” he says.
Peter Lloyd (right) and guide Mike Jarvis exploring a pocket of monsoonal rainforest in Darwin's East Point. (Image: Don Fuchs/Australian Geographic)
MY INTRODUCTION TO KAKADU took place on a sunset walk around Lake Jabiru, guided by one of Australia’s most acclaimed naturalists, Ian Morris. A biologist, educator, conservationist and author, Ian has worked with the traditional owners of Arnhem Land for decades, and was involved in the formation of Kakadu as a national park and World Heritage Area in the 1970s and ’80s.
Ian’s involvement in Kakadu Bird Week was a coup for the organisers, and you could sense the pleasure of our small group, having found themselves in his knowledgeable hands. Leading us along the rough path around the man-made lake, Ian would first hear then point out new species seemingly hiding in plain sight, bringing our surroundings to life before our eyes.
Our group of birdwatchers was as diverse as a flock around the last waterhole at the end of the Dry – there was Peter and his family, an Israeli couple, a South African businessman. The old-hats were easy to spot by their sharp eyes and keen ears; among them was Margaret Flint from Fremantle, Western Australia, who has been watching birds for almost a decade. There was also Helen Phillips from Gippsland, Victoria, who has spent 40 years with her eyes to the skies and treetops. Both said they see birdwatching as a way to be immersed in nature, and to learn new things. It’s a simple sentiment that came up often – and it’s why Mike had said back in Darwin he doesn’t much like the term ‘twitcher’. “It implies tick and flick,” he says, “but birdwatching is about so much more than that.”
Bird expert and tour guide Luke Paterson looks out over Kakadu’s Mamukala Wetlands from a bird hide. (Image: Don Fuchs/Australian Geographic)
YOU'LL FIND MOST birdwatchers have their ‘conversion’ story. Luke Paterson – another expert and tour guide participating in Kakadu Bird Week 2016 – says he inherited his fascination for birds from his grandmother, but the defining moment came when he first saw a lyrebird. (“Yep, that’ll do it!” was the general birders’ consensus when Luke shared his story.) Originally from Bendigo, Victoria, Luke has built a reputation as an authority on Top End birds over the past 15 years. Together with park ranger Sarah Burgess, he runs tour company NT Bird Specialists.
I met Luke on a birdwatching sunrise cruise on Yellow Waters Billabong, at the end of Jim Jim Creek. Setting off in the pre-morning dark, drifting over the inky waters, the sky was soon awash with colour and an endless flock of magpie geese passed overhead – so numerous they sounded more like swarming bees. A carpet of lotus flowers and water lilies spread out before us, and the occasional saltwater crocodile surfaced before lazily disappearing into the dark waters.
Striated and nankeen night herons crept along the banks, forest kingfishers posed in full view and honeyeaters and flycatchers darted through the trees, regularly stopping long enough to catch in the ‘bins’, or binoculars. If a lyrebird turned Luke into a birdwatcher, then that morning may have been the tipping point for this fledgling birdwatcher – but I still had a lot to learn.
More accustomed to long-distance hikes, I had to adjust my expectations the following day when our car remained in sight after the first 20 minutes of our half-day tour. Setting off at sunrise again with Luke for a guided walk around Mamukala Wetlands, the group failed to gain much onward momentum as we captured in our sights bird after bird: willie wagtails, double-barred finches, crimson finches, and a juvenile white-bellied sea eagle overhead.
It was a lesson in a more mindful way of experiencing the bush – slow down and let it come to life around you. And never rush a group of birdwatchers.
A highlight was spotting an imposter channel-billed cuckoo being fed by a pair of crows, but it wasn’t just birds that seemed to materialise into existence when you slowed down – northern dwarf tree frogs hid beneath pandanus leaves and camouflaged northern water dragons were statuesque against tree trunks.
We finished the tour at nearby Gungarre Walk through monsoonal rainforest. The place soon lived up to its name and the heavens opened, forcing the group to quicken its step back to the vehicle. We stood, steaming in our wet gear, while over the roar of the sudden downpour Luke talked through the birds we’d spotted. We could tick them off our lists: red-backed fairy wren, yellow oriole, comb-crested jacana…
Of course, there’s much more to birding than list-ticking, but, in that moment, I couldn’t help but appreciate why this ritual is half the fun.
Writer Gemma Chilton watches dancing brolgas at the Bamurru Plains resort with manager John Cooper. (Image: Don Fuchs/Australian Geographic)
“YOU DON’T NEED to be a birdwatcher to appreciate this,” said John Cooper from the driver’s seat. It was my last day in the Top End, and I was perched on the back of an old modified Toyota LandCruiser watching brolgas leap and dance in the golden sunrise.
John is the manager of Bamurru Plains, a luxury resort located on 30,000ha Swim Creek station just west of Kakadu. He’d taken us to see the brolgas on our way back from a visit to a male Australian bustard, right where he knew we’d find the bird in full mating display – throat sack inflated, tail feathers cocked.
As manager of Bamurru, John lives on the remote station year-round – including three months alone during the Wet, which is when he’ll often enjoy sights such as these brolgas and the bustard – or, as he recalls, occasionally awake to enormous, deafening flocks of magpie geese passing overhead (bamurru is the local Aboriginal word for magpie goose).
The previous day John had taken us on a boat ride down nearby Sampan Creek, where enormous salties slid on their bellies down the muddy banks – and where we managed, after much searching, to spot a great-billed heron in the shadow of the mangroves.
As we watched the brolgas, I thought about what John had said about not having to be a birdwatcher to appreciate this. I understand what he meant – after all, we didn’t have a list to tick or a species name to report back on. But it occurred to me that we already were birdwatchers – anyone who can appreciate these diverse and beautiful, sometimes wise, sometimes cheeky, modern-day flying dinosaurs really is.
And I think that’s probably all of us.
An egret takes flight among lotus flowers and water lillies on Yellow Water Billabong, which is a tributary of Jim Jim Creek. (Image: Don Fuchs/Australian Geographic)
Flock to Kakadu
WHAT: Kakadu Bird Week is an annual event organised by Parks Australia and supported by local operators and Tourism NT. It offers a program of activities for birdwatchers, including free guided walks at key birdwatching sites with local and national bird experts, and free evening slideshow presentations, as well as paid activities such as birdwatching wetland cruises and photography tours.
WHEN: Kakadu Bird Week 2017 will take place on 1–7 October.
GETTING THERE: All major domestic airlines fly to Darwin International Airport; from there it is about a three-hour drive into Kakadu’s Jabiru township.
ACCOMMODATION: Find a room at the Mercure Kakadu Crocodile Hotel at Jabiru (08 8979 9000), the Cooinda Lodge (08 8979 1500) or the Cooinda Campground and Caravan Park. Find more information and book at www.kakadutourism.com/accommodation
Bamurru Plains (1300 790 561) is located to the west of Kakadu, on the Mary River floodplains.
MORE INFORMATION: Learn more at www.parksaustralia.gov.au/kakadu/do/bird-week.html
This article was originally published in the Jan-Feb 2017 issue of Australian Geographic (AG#137).